The Coronie fresh water swamp is a natural freshwater reservoir in the coastal area of Suriname with an area of approximately 250,000 hectares.
The Coronie swamp represents a complex variety of services: conservation of biodiversity and habitat for many species, regulation of the hydro cycle (stores, filters and release water in a way that can be handled by the adjacent systems), is a carbon sink (forest carbon and soil carbon (peat layers of more than 4m).
The goal of this project is to establish and sustainably manage the “Coronie Freshwater Swamp”.
This will protect a significant portion of Suriname’s most critical wetlands, freshwater resources, secure regulation of the hydro cycle, ensure sustainable economic utilization for irrigation purposes and conserve renewable natural capital and ecosystem services, such as food, water, climate resiliency, disaster risk management, and sustainable tourism.
It is a large tributary of fresh water to mainly three areas, the Nickerie River (west), the Coronie, and Wageningen area (northern) and the Coppename River (east).
It therefore contributes to at least two river basins. Unlike many river and swamp ecosystems, relatively little is known about the Coronie freshwater swamp.
Water quality measurements showed that the water is very clean. When humans continue to act responsibly these services can be maintained and the swamp can even sustain economic utilization for irrigation purposes, and become a tourism destination. The Coronie Swamp is also important for the different migratory bird species and has the potential to be listed as an RAMSAR site.
Key activities and deliverables: